Monthly Archives: October 2012
It is nothing but the addictive drugs such as stimulants, sedatives, hypontics, opiates and analgesics that make people addictive to them if they use them excessively and a greater quantity. On the basis of below mentioned points one can easily know about the presence and relevance of addiction in his/her body and mind.
First of all, drug addiction is all about obsessive compulsive disorder or behaviour as it always forces an addict to consume drugs in order to feel relaxed and comfortable. It indicates to the state of unconscious mind that urges people take wrong decisions. Family background to addiction can put negative effects on you. Next, it is psychiatric disorders that force addicts to face mental problems. The next point that matters the most and shows that a particular person is addicted to drugs is regular and frequent relapse faced by the addict. If you are passing through all or any of them, you are certainly in the clutch of the venom of addiction to drugs. Withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, intense craving for the substance, nausea, hallucinations, headaches, cold sweats, and tremors are indicator of the need of timely and effective drug addiction treatment.
Once an addict understands that has a problem or problems owing to his/her habit or compulsion to take drugs. The very next step that can make a difference, in the treatment of addiction, is the detox programme that ensures that the body of an addict is free from the presence of toxic elements and chemicals. Then it is various therapies and counselling programmes that eradicate the addiction problems from their root.
Generally, drug addiction is seen as a compulsive behaviour that compels patients to take psychoactive or not prescribed substances in order to function normally. When it comes to defining drug addiction, we can go through different recognised and accepted definitions.
According to the world health organisation (WHO), “Drug addiction is a state of periodic or chronic intoxication produced by the repeated consumption of a drug (natural or synthetic).”
According to the American Academy of Pain Medicine, the American Pain Society, and the American Society of Addiction Medicine, “Addiction is a primary, chronic, neurobiologic disease, with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. It is characterized by behaviours that include one or more of the following: impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving.”
According to professor Nils Bejerot, “An emotional fixation (sentiment) acquired through learning, which intermittently or continually expresses itself in purposeful, stereotyped behaviour with the character and force of a natural drive, aiming at a specific pleasure or the avoidance of a specific discomfort.”
Below mentioned are some of the common types of drug addiction. Some of them include:
- Alcohol dependence
- Opioid dependence
- Sedative, hypnotic, or anxiolytic dependence
- Cocaine dependence
- Cannabis dependence
- Amphetamine dependence (or amphetamine-like)
- Hallucinogen dependence
- Inhalant dependence
- Polysubstance dependence
- Phencyclidine dependence
- Nicotine dependence
Regular and incessant dependence on psychoactive substances gives birth to addiction and takes an addict in its evil clutch that forces him/her to pass through a phase of mental disorder. As a specific disease makes a human body weak and powerless, in the same manner an addictive disease not only envelops human body but also human mind rapidly.
Addictive diseases encompasses of excessive consumption of alcohol, heroin, drug and other psychoactive substances. Indulging in chemical dependency, eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia), gambling, sexual compulsivity, shopping, spending, work and internet indicates that a particular person is in the grip of addiction to something. If taken seriously and cured at reputed and well known rehab centres after facing withdrawal symptoms or sudden discontinuance of substances, addiction can be cured and managed.
In the process of making a human body free from the presence of toxic elements and harmful chemical, medical detox programme comes first as it relates to different sorts of therapies and programmes that are designed to diagnose patients with substance dependence. It is nothing but the perfect amalgamation of different types of therapies such as group therapy and one-to-one therapy and educational seminars and addiction counseling that points to convalescence. When compared to other present therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) emerges as the best option for the treatment of addiction if it is mixed with motivational therapy (MT) appropriately. Treating patients with medications such as Acetylcysteine, Baclofen, Bupropion, Vanoxerine, and Vigabatrin brings more relief to the patients that always look for a better and improved way to put an end to their ongoing woes amicably.